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Plant-based diet for beginners

Plant-based diet for beginners

Team ErbologyErbology

If you’re new to veganism, the idea of switching to an entirely plant-based diet might be a little daunting! Perhaps you’re concerned about how to get all the vitamins and minerals you need. Maybe you’re unsure of how to replace certain ingredients in your favourite meals. Whatever questions you have, our beginners’ guide to veganism is here to help. We discuss everything from the benefits of a plant-based diet to how to go vegan the healthy way. So, without further ado, let’s get started!

January 02, 2023 8:40 pm

What is veganism?

First, let’s clarify exactly what’s meant by veganism. Following a plant-based diet simply means only eating food that comes from plants. As well as fruit and vegetables, that includes ingredients such as seeds, pulses, nuts and grains. Any products that are made from, or come from, animals are off the menu. That means no meat, fish, eggs, or dairy products such as milk, cream, and cheese.

For lots of people who eat a typical Western diet, this can be a big change. Even if you’re already vegetarian, many meat-free meals contain some form of dairy. Don’t worry though, because switching to a plant-based diet is easier than you might expect. With a little research and an open mind, you’re sure to find going vegan a breeze.

Remember, veganism isn’t about purity – so you can start slow. While some people switch to a plant-based diet overnight, others find it easier to take it step by step. You could begin by having one or two vegan days a week, or one vegan meal a day. Even this can benefit both your health and the planet.

The most important thing is to ensure that you’re approaching veganism in a healthy way. When adopting a plant-based diet, you don’t want to simply cut out meat and dairy from your existing meals. Instead, try experimenting with new ingredients, flavors, and styles of cooking. This will help ensure that you make vegan dishes which both taste delicious and provide all the nutrients you need.

So, what is a plant-based diet? It’s a chance for you to improve your health, do your part for the planet, and broaden your culinary repertoire. Amazing!

Jerusalem artichoke soup ingredients

The benefits of a plant-based diet

So, let’s get more specific about how following a balanced plant-based diet benefits you. There are two main reasons why going vegan can be good for your wellbeing. Firstly, you’re cutting out unhealthy ingredients such as processed meat. Secondly, you’ll be increasing your consumption of wellness-boosting foods such as fruits and vegetables. Talk about a winning combination!

To begin with, adopting a plant-based diet can help you lose excess weight or maintain a healthy weight. Studies have found that vegans tend to have a lower BMI than people who don’t follow a plant-based diet. They are also at less risk of becoming obese.(1) This suggests that veganism may be a great way to stave off obesity without worrying about counting calories.

Another of the many plant-based diet benefits you can look forward to is that veganism is good for your heart. Research suggests vegans have a decreased risk of high blood pressure, and are also less likely to develop heart disease.(2) Studies additionally indicate that a plant-based diet can lower blood sugar levels and reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes.(3)

Furthermore, going vegan may decrease your risk of developing certain types of cancer.(4) One reason for this is that consumption of red and processed meats is associated with an increased cancer risk.(5) Conversely, experts have found that many foods commonly included in a plant-based diet can reduce your chances of getting cancer. For example, tofu may protect against breast cancer, while legumes could lower the risk of colorectal cancer.(6)(7)

No wonder the popularity of veganism is on the rise!

pasta ingredients

How a plant-based diet helps the planet

One of the fantastic things about veganism is that it’s not only good for your health – it’s also good for the planet.

Research indicates that a plant-based diet has a much smaller environmental footprint than a non-vegan diet.(8) This is because growing plants requires less land and uses less water than meat and dairy farming. It also produces a lower amount of greenhouse gas emissions and other forms of pollution.

Plus, adopting a plant-based diet means that you’re not contributing to the suffering and exploitation of animals.

What foods should I eat on a plant-based diet?

When we consider the benefits of veganism, it’s important to note that the type of plant-based food you eat matters. After all, tucking into processed vegan sausages and chips every day counts as a plant-based diet – but it won’t do your health much good!

Instead, try to aim for a plant-based diet that emphasizes whole foods rather than processed products. That includes vegetables, fruit, grains, legumes, beans, nuts and seeds. This is the most effective way to ensure that you get all the nutrients you need and enjoy the health benefits discussed above.

Similarly, a good guide to veganism is to include an array of different colored fruits and vegetables on your plate. Not only does this look appetizing, it helps ensure that you have plenty of wellness-boosting phytonutrients in your diet. These are plant compounds that help to protect us from a range of chronic diseases like cancer and heart disease.(9)

For maximum benefit, don’t peel ingredients such as apples and aubergines – the skin is where the nutrients are most concentrated!

vegan chocolate truffle recipe

But where do you get your protein from?

One of the factors people worry most about on a plant-based diet is where they’re going to get protein from. Protein is an essential macronutrient found throughout the body. It’s made up of building blocks called amino acids, nine of which we can’t produce by ourselves. These ‘essential amino acids’ must be obtained from our diet.(10)

There are a wealth of protein-rich plant foods out there to choose from. However, unlike animal sources of protein, many plant sources of protein don’t provide all nine essential amino acids.

There are two ways to overcome this. Firstly, try to include complete sources of plant-based protein in your diet, such as tofu, amaranth, chia seeds and quinoa. These do contain all of the essential amino acids the body needs to make new protein. One simple way to ensure you get complete protein is to add chia seed powder to smoothies and other dishes.

Secondly, by eating a variety of incomplete sources of plant-based protein, you can easily meet your overall amino acid requirements. Some of the best foods to opt for are legumes such as lentils and chickpeas, plus nuts and seeds.

Not only is it possible to get all the protein you need on a plant-based diet, it’s actually the healthier option. Evidence suggests that plant protein is better for us than animal protein, and reduces the risk of conditions such as cardiovascular disease.(11)

Despite what some people think, protein deficiency is uncommon among those who follow a healthy and well-planned plant-based diet.(12) So that’s one concern we can put to rest!

falafel recipe

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"Try experimenting with new ingredients, flavors, and styles of cooking. This will help ensure that you make vegan dishes which both taste delicious and provide all the nutrients you need."

Can I get all the nutrients I need on a plant-based diet?

Of course, protein isn’t the only nutrient that you have to think about when switching to a plant-based diet. Some people worry that they’ll need to take supplements to avoid nutritional deficiencies as a vegan. However, for most of us, it’s perfectly possible to meet all our dietary requirements by simply eating the right foods.

There are plenty of advantages to choosing a healthy and balanced diet over popping a vitamin pill. First, you’re consuming groups of nutrients in their most natural form. This often makes it easier for your body to process and use them.(13) It also allows them to work together to support your wellbeing more effectively. Supplements, on the other hand, frequently contain isolated vitamins and minerals that are synthetically produced.

Further, many supplements contain other substances like fillers and binding agents, all within capsules often made from animal ingredients. With whole foods, however, you know exactly what you’re consuming.

In addition, getting your nutrients from food rather than supplements is a much tastier way to stay healthy. For example, our crackers are excellent sources of thiamine (vitamin B1), and packed with vital minerals like iron, magnesium and potassium. With a range of flavors to choose from including cashew cheese and Japanese wasabi, they’re both nourishing and delicious!

Let’s take a closer look at some of the key nutrients the body needs, and how to ensure you get enough of them on a plant-based diet.

celery smoothie ingredients

Veganism and vitamins

Regardless of whether you’re vegan or not, it’s important to make sure you’re consuming certain key vitamins. Here’s how to do so on a plant-based diet:

  • Vitamin A – our bodies can turn an antioxidant called beta-carotene into vitamin A. This is vital for everything from our eyesight to our immune system. Good plant-based sources of beta-carotene include carrots, sweet potatoes, butternut squash and sea buckthorn. In fact, it’s what gives these ingredients their characteristic bright color!
  • B vitamins – there are eight B vitamins our bodies need, including B12, which we’ll cover separately below. You can get all of them on a plant-based diet by tucking into dark leafy greens like spinach, plus nuts, seeds, lentils and other legumes.
  • Vitamin C – citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons and grapefruits are famously high in immune-boosting vitamin C. Other excellent vegan sources include kale and red peppers.
  • Vitamin D – vital for the health of our bones, the body can make vitamin D when our skin is exposed to sunlight. However, many of us don’t get enough sunshine to generate it in sufficient amounts. Therefore, it’s also important to consume dietary sources of vitamin D, such as mushrooms and hemp seeds.
  • Vitamin E – this acts as an antioxidant, protecting our cells from damage by free radicals. You can get it on a plant-based diet by tucking into almonds, sunflower seeds, spinach, pumpkin, asparagus and avocado. Milk thistle oil is another easy way to add vitamin E to a vegan meal.
  • Vitamin K – the body needs vitamin K for functions such as blood clotting and bone development. Great sources include kiwi fruit and green leafy vegetables such as kale, Brussels sprouts, broccoli and cabbage.

You can also find many of these vitamins in fortified vegan products, such as plant milks and cereals.